Ruth E. Taylor-Piliae, PhD, RN, FAHA

Ruth E. Taylor-Piliae, PhD, RN, FAHA
Associate Professor
520-626-4881
College of Nursing
Room Number: 
329

Research and Clinical:

Research and Clinical Interest: 
cardiovascular disease prevention and risk factor reduction,
Tai Chi exercise,
physical activity among diverse groups of adults,
falls and fall risk in stroke survivors,
physical and cognitive function in older adults
Clinical Expertise: 
Research & Scholarship: 
  • The Atherosclerotic Disease VAscular FunctioN and GenetiC Epidemiology (ADVANCE) study
  • The Wellness Interventions for Self Enrichment (WISE) study
  • Tai Chi Exercise for Stroke Survivors Study
  • Tai Chi Exercise and Cardiac Rehab Study
  • Arizona Frailty Cohort Study
  • Fall Prevention among Stroke Survivors and Older Adults
All Funding: 
Funding Source
09/01/13-05/31/16
A Virtually Supervised Web-Based Home Exercise Technology For Older Adults
NIH/NIA R43
Collaborator
1/15/2013-1/14/2014
Fall Risk in Stroke Survivors: A Feasibility Study
Laurence B. Emmons Research Award, College of Nursing
PI
09/15/09-05/31/14
Tai Chi and Guided Autobiography for Remediation of Age-Related Cognitive Decline
NIH/NIA R01
Consultant
9/1/2009-8/31/2012
Measuring the Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Functioning, Quality of Life, and Exercise Behavior in Stroke Survivors
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar Grant
PI
1/1/2009-6/30/2013
The effect of Tai Chi on physical functioning and health-related quality of life among stroke survivors
American Heart Association National Scientist Development Grant
PI
11/1/2008-10/31/2010
Tai Chi as an adjunct physical activity for adults > 45 years old enrolled in phase III cardiac rehabilitation
College of Nursing, Research Start-up Funds
PI
9/1/2005-8/31/2007
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Training Program
NIH/ NHLBI T32
Postdoctoral Fellow
9/1/2002-6/30/2005
Tai Chi for Ethnic Chinese with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
NIH/ NCCAM F31
PI
7/1/2001-6/30/2003
Nurse-Administered Mouth Care
Kwong Wah Hospital ICU, Hong Kong
PI
6/1/2001-5/31/2002
Cervical Screening and Cancer: Health Behaviours, Beliefs, and Knowledge
Department of Nursing, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Co-I
7/1/1999-6/30/2000
Nursing Interventions on Chinese Patients' Anxiety Prior to Cardiac Catheterization
Health Services Research Committee, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong
PI
5/1/1999-4/30/2001
Positioning After Coronary Angiography
Hong Kong University Research Initiation Grant
Co-I
Publications: 
in press

Webber-Ritchey, K. J., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Insel, K. C. & Loescher, L.J. Physical Activity among African American Parents of Young Children: Roles of Personal and Environmental Factors. International Journal of Sport Psychology, in press.

Miller, S.M., & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. The Association between Tai Chi Exercise and Safe Driving Performance among Older Adults: An Observational Study. Journal of Sport and Health Science, in press.

Ćwiękała-Lewis, K.J., Gallek, M. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. The Effects of Tai Chi on Physical Function and Well-being Among Persons with Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, in press.

2016

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Mohler, M.J., Najafi, B., & Coull, B.M. Objective Fall Risk Detection in Stroke Survivors using Wearable Sensor Technology: A Feasibility Study. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 23(6):393-399, 2016.

Miller, S.M., Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Insel, K. C. The Association of Physical Activity, Cognitive Processes and Automobile Driving Ability in Older Adults: A Review of the Literature. Geriatric Nursing, 37(4):313-20, 2016.

Mohler, M.J., Wendel, C.S., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Toosizadeh, N., Najafi, B. Motor Performance and Physical Activity as Predictors of Prospective Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults by Frailty Level: Application of Wearable Technology. Gerontology, 62(6):654-664, 2016.

Argenbright, C.A., Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Loescher, L.J. Bowenwork for Symptom Management of Women Breast Cancer Survivors with Lymphedema: A Pilot Study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 25:142-149, 2016.

Sit, J.W.H., Chair, S.Y., Choi, K.C., Chan, C.W.H., Lee, D.T.F., Chan, A.W.K., Cheung, J.L.K., K.P., Tang, S.W., Chan, P.S., & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Do Empowered Stroke Patients Perform Better at Self-Management and Functional Recovery after a Stroke? A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 11: 1441-50, 2016.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Tai Chi Exercise for Fall Prevention in Older Adults. Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, 21(1): 14-20, 2016.

Giroud, X., Miramontes, M., Powell, M., Heasley, B., Taylor-Piliae, R. & Mohler, J. Dual Task Challenge- A Novel Addition to Community-Based Fall Intervention Programs. Arizona Geriatrics Society Journal, 21(1): 8-11, 2016.

2015

Kraus, W., Bittner, V., Appel, L., Blair, S., Church, T., Després, J.P., Franklin, B., Miller, T., Pate, R., Taylor-Piliae, R., Whitsel, L., & Vafiadis, D. The National Physical Activity Plan: A Call to Action. Circulation, 131(21):1932-40, 2015.

Schwenk, M., Mohler, J., Wendel, C., D'Huyvetter, K., Fain, M., Taylor-Piliae, R., & Najafi, B. Wearable Sensor-Based Assessment of Gait, Balance, and Physical Activity for Discrimination of Frailty Status: Baseline Results of the Arizona Frailty Cohort Study. Gerontology, 61(3): 258-67, 2015.

Keller, M.L, Gallek, M.J. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Predictors of Stroke Survivors’ Enrollment in an Exercise Study. Healthy Aging Research 4:18, 2015. (doi:10.12715/har.2014.4.18)

2014

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Hoke, T., Hepworth, J.T., Latt, L.D., Najafi, B., & Coull, B.M. The Effect of Tai Chi on Physical Function, Fall Rates, and Quality of Life Among Older Stroke Survivors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(5): 816-24, 2014. [AHA/ASA 2014 Stroke Article of the Year Award]

Miller, S.M. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Effects of Tai Chi on Cognitive Function in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Review. Geriatric Nursing, 35(1): 9-19, 2014.

Wayne, P.M., Walsh, J.N., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Wells, R.E., Papp, K.V., Donovan, N.J., & Yeh, G.Y. The Impact of Tai Chi on Cognitive Performance in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62(1):25-39, 2014.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Tai Ji Quan as an Exercise Modality to Prevent and Manage Cardiovascular Disease: A Review. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 3: 43-51, 2014.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Boros, D. & Coull, B.M. Strategies to Improve Recruitment and Retention of Older Stroke Survivors to a Randomized Clinical Exercise Trial. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease, 23(3): 462-8, 2014.

Hickey, K., Hodges, E., Thomas, T. L., Coffman, M.J., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Johnson-Mallard, V.M., Goodman, J.H., Jones, R. A., Kuntz, S., Galik, E., Gates, M.G., & Casida, J.M. Initial Outcomes of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars (RWJF NFS) Program. Nursing Outlook, 62(6): 394-401, 2014.

2013

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Hepworth, J.T. & Coull, B.M. Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 28(5): 460-7, 2013.

2012

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Silva, E., Sheremeta, S.P. Tai Chi as an adjunct physical activity for adults aged 45 years and older enrolled in phase III cardiac rehabilitation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 11(1):34-43, 2012.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Coull, B.M. Community-based Yang-style Tai Chi is Safe and Feasible in Chronic Stroke: A Pilot Study. Clinical Rehabilitation, 26(2):121-31, 2012.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Latt, L.D., Hepworth, J.T., Coull, B.M. Predictors of Gait Velocity Among Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors. Gait and Posture, 35(3):395-9, 2012.

2011

Hansen, C.A. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. What is Bowenwork?: A systematic review. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(11):1001-6, 2011.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Fair, J.M., Varady, A., Hlatky, M.A., Norton, L.C., Iribarren, C. & Fortmann, S.P. Is Ankle Brachial Index a Cost-Effective Screening Tool in Asymptomatic Older Adults? American Heart Journal 161(5): 979-985, 2011.

Nguyen, P,K., Terashima, M., Fair, J.M., Mahbouda, M., Varady A., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Iribarren, C., Go, A.S., Haskell, W.L., Fortmann, S.P., & McConnell, M.V. Physical Activity in Older Subjects is Associated with Increased Coronary Vasodilation in the ADVANCE Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Imaging, 4(6): 622-629, 2011.

2010

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Fair, J.M., Haskell, W.L., Varady, A., Iribarren, C., Hlatky, M.A., Go, A.S., & Fortmann, S.P. Validation of the Stanford Brief Activity Survey: Examining Psychological Factors and Physical Activity in Older Adults. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7: 87-94, 2010.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Newell, K., Cherin, R., Lee, M.J., King, A.C., & Haskell, W.L. Tai Chi versus Western Exercise on Physical and Cognitive Functioning in Health Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 18, 261-279, 2010.

Palaniappan, L.P., Araneta, M.R.G., Assimes, T.L., Barrett-Connor, E. L., Carnethon, M.R., Criqui, M.H., Fung, G.L., Narayan, M.V., Patel, H., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Wilson, P.W.F., Wong, N.D. Call to Action: Cardiovascular Disease in Asian Americans. A Science Advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation 122(12):1242-52, 2010.

2008

Gardner, C.D., Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Kiazand, A., Nicholus, J., Rigby, A.J., Farquhar, J.W. Effect of Ginkgo Biloba (EGb 761) on Treadmill Walking Time Among Adults with Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention, 28(4): 258-265, 2008.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. The effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: An updated meta-analysis. Medicine and Sport Science, 52: 40-53. In Tai Chi Chuan: State-of-the-Art in International Research (Y. Hong, Ed.), Basel, Switzerland: S. Karger AG, 2008.

2007

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., Iribarren, C., Norton, L.C. Mahbouba, M., Fair, J.M., Hlatky, M.A., Go, A.S., & Fortmann, S.P. Clinical Utility of the Stanford Brief Activity Survey in Men and Women with Early-Onset Coronary Artery Disease. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention 27(4): 227-232, 2007.

Lee, M.S., Pittler, M.H., Taylor-Piliae, R. & Ernst, E. Tai Chi for Cardiovascular Disease and its Risk Factors: Systematic Review. Journal of Hypertension, 25: 1974-1975, 2007.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Froelicher, E.S. Methods to Optimize Recruitment and Retention to an Exercise Study in Chinese Immigrants. Nursing Research, 56(2): 132-136, 2007.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., & Haskell, W.L. Tai Chi Exercise and Stroke Rehabilitation. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 14(4): 9-22, 2007.

2006

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Norton, L.C., Haskell, W.L., Mahbouba, M.H., Fair, J.M., Iribarren, C., Hlatky, M.A., Go, A.S., & Fortmann, S.P. Validation of a New Brief Physical Activity Survey Among Men and Women Age 60-69 Years. American Journal of Epidemiology, 164(6): 598-606, 2006.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., & Froelicher, E.S. Hemodynamic Responses to a Community-based Tai Chi Exercise Intervention in Ethnic Chinese Adults with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 5(2): 165-174, 2006.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., Stotts, N.A. & Froelicher, E.S. Improvements in Balance, Strength and Flexibility after 12-Weeks of Tai Chi Exercise in Ethnic Chinese Adults with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 12(2): 50-58, 2006.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Haskell, W.L., Waters, C.M. & Froelicher, E.S. Change in Perceived Psychosocial Status following a 12-Week Tai Chi Exercise Programme. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 54(3):313-329, 2006.

2004

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Froelicher E.S. Measurement Properties of Tai Chi Exercise Self-Efficacy among Ethnic Chinese with Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors: A Pilot Study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 3(4):287-294, 2004.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Froelicher, E.S. The effectiveness of Tai Chi exercise in improving aerobic capacity: A meta-analysis. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing;19(1):48-57, 2004; republished Holistic Nursing Practice,18(5):254-263, 2004.

2003

Chair, S.Y. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E., Lam G & Chan S. The effect of positioning on back pain experienced by Chinese patients after coronary angiography. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42(5), 470-478, 2003.

Holroyd, E.A., Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Twinn, S.F. Investigating Hong Kong's Filipino domestic workers' healthcare behavior, knowledge, beliefs and attitudes towards cervical cancer and cervical screening. Women and Health, 38(1):69-82, 2003.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Tai Chi as an adjunct to cardiac rehabilitation exercise training. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 23(2):90-96, 2003.

2002

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Chair, S.Y. The effect of nursing interventions utilizing music therapy or sensory information on Chinese patients' anxiety prior to cardiac catheterization: A pilot study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing,1:203-211, 2002.

2001

Holroyd, E.A., Molassiotis, A. & Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Filipino domestic workers in Hong Kong: health related behaviors, health locus of control and social support. Women and Health, 33:181-205, 2001.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Molassiotis, A. An exploration of the relationships between uncertainty, psychological distress and type of coping strategy among Chinese men after cardiac catheterization. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 33:79-88, 2001.

2000

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. & Molassiotis, A. Psychometric evaluation of the Chinese version of Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness Scale. Hong Kong Nursing Journal, 36:14-21, 2000.

1999

Molassiotis, A., Holroyd, E. & Taylor-Piliae RE. Psychometric evaluation of the Chinese translation of the Profile of Mood States. Hong Kong Nursing Journal, 35:7-13, 1999.

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Utilization of the Iowa Model in establishing evidence-based nursing practice. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing,15:357-362, 1999.

1998

Taylor-Piliae, R.E. Establishing evidence-based practice: issues and implications in critical care nursing. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing,14:30-37, 1998.

Honors and Awards: 
2016
Mathy Mezey Excellence in Aging Award, American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing Council
2016
Distinguished Alumni Award, Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
2015
Extraordinary Faculty Award, University of Arizona Alumni Association
2015
Tucson Fabulous 50 Nurse Award, Tucson Nurses Week Foundation
2014
Stroke Article of the Year, American Heart Association/American Stroke Association, Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing Council
2013
Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association Annual Symposium, Winning Research Abstract Award
2013
Suzanne Van Ort Peer Award for Graduate Teaching, College of Nursing, University of Arizona
2013
Scientific Member, Arizona Center on Aging, University of Arizona
2010
Fellow, American Heart Association Cardiovascular Nursing Council
2009
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar
2007
American Heart Association Scholarship, to attend the 2007 Physical Activity and Public Health Research Course
2007
Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association Annual Symposium, 1st Place Poster Award
2007
Richard B. Terry Postdoctoral Award, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University
2006
American Heart Association, Travel Award to attend the 32nd Ten-Day Seminar on the Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
2006
Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, Travel Award to attend the North American Research Conference on Complementary & Alternative Medicine
2006
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Award, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association
2005
National Dean's List
2004
University of California, San Francisco, Graduate Student Research Award
2002
Sigma Theta Tau, International Nursing Honor Society
1998
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Chairman's Award for Outstanding Academic Achievement, Master of Nursing: Highest GPA in graduating class
1998
Hong Kong Adventist Hospital, Award for Outstanding Achievement in Nursing
Education: 
Institution/LocationDegreeAttendedField of Study
Stanford University, Stanford, CA
Post-Doc
2005-2007
Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Epidemiology
University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
PhD
2001-2005
Nursing
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
MN
1996-1998
Nursing
California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA
BSN
1976-1980
Nursing